Iron oxide(rust), sodium chloride(salt), etc. In a mixture, the atoms can be separated from each other by physical means, such as dissolving or filtering.
In a compound, the atom can only be separated from each other by chemical means, such as heating or reacting with an acid. If hydrochloric acid poured on a rusty nail, the rust will become iron chloride.
Place a rusty nail in cup filled with distilled white vinegar. FYI you can make thermiteout of it, just add 1\3 aluminum powder.
However, when formed in unregulated environments, it usually also contains varying amounts of water and often other constituents. Disclaimer: This post may contain affiliate links, meaning, if you click through and make a purchase we may earn a commission.
I don’t know about you but my heart skips a beat when I come across reclaimed wood, rusty metal, and forged iron. There’s something to be said about pieces that speak their history through their old age and rusty patina, and it’s one of the reasons I’m so drawn to mountain homes and log cabins.
I have to tell ya, making metal rust in fast-forward was even more fun than I anticipated. I originally came across this post on how to make metal rust and planned to follow it to a tee, but then I became all impatient and excited and just did my own thing.
After I placed my horseshoe in the container I poured some white distilled vinegar on top. I didn’t measure but I poured just enough so that it covered the horseshoe and then I sorta swished it around on top.
At this point, you’ll want to add peroxide on top of your metal objects. I then sprinkled …err dumped… a bunch of salt on my horseshoe and the rusty color started to come out even more.
Then I called Eric over because I was all excited to show him, but I wanted more bubbles and fizz, so I poured a bit more hydrogen peroxide on top. After a few minutes, I swished the horseshoe around in the solution to sort of rinse off the salt and then patted it dry with a paper towel.
You’ll want to add a clear sealer to prevent the rusty patina from flaking off and staining anything they touch. When I did seal them I just used some leftover Spar Urethane and a foam brush, but you can use any clear sealer and may prefer a spray-on kind.
After receiving a lot of comments and emails about this not working on certain objects I wanted to add that not all metals will rust. I believe it has to have iron in it in order to rust, and if it’s galvanized, stainless steel or some other type of metal that doesn’t corrode then this process won’t work.
I learned this the hard way by trying to rust some galvanized buckets I had on hand and read up about it here. If you watch the video at the top of this post you’ll see the difference in the spray vs. dunk method.
Basically, the spray method will allow more of the contrast of the original metal to show through and it is easier to work in layers and add more rust if you want. Since that time I have noticed that the rusting rate of my tools has greatly increased, probably due to the fact that our area stays pretty damp and humid year round.
I've tried a few different products to protect my tools, but a mixture that I've come up with seems to have similar rust inhibiting potential and be fairly economic. I'm hoping that by sharing the recipe with the Intractable community, other people having similar rust problems might try it and tell me of their experiences.
I have made this mixture and used it without any ill effects thus far, however I can not state that mixing these or any other chemicals is safe. If there is already rust on the surface I want to protect, I clean it off using a wire brush/sandpaper and motor oil or WD40.
I use a chip brush to spread the rust inhibiting mixture on the surface. I'm not positive how long the coating will last, but it seems to be pretty stable and I would guess that it will probably stick around until it is scratched or scraped when the tool is used.
If you don't take care of the rust, it will corrode the metal leading to unrepeatable damage. Rust forms on steel or iron when the material is exposed to oxygen and water for a length of time.
Rust or oxidation is a chemical process that occurs when water and oxygen bonds with the iron. The sanding method is a good starting point for removing rust from tools.
With a steel wool or a stiff wire brush, clean the areas most corroded by rust first. Next, use a coarse grit sand paper to continue to remove any thick patches of rust.
If there are any fine layers of rust left, switch to a finer grain sandpaper and continue to remove any remaining speckles. The vinegar and salt method works best for tools with large areas of rust.
Place the tool in a bin large enough to fit the entire piece. The vinegar and salt mixture need time to break down the rust.
Once the rust has softened, use a metal brush or steel wool to scrub off the surface. Pour baking soda in a bowl and add enough water to make a paste.
You will need to wear rubber gloves and eye protection and use the acid in a well-ventilated area. Add one gallon of water to a container large enough to hold your tools.
Rust can be prevented by not allowing water or moisture to stay in contact with metal surfaces. You can do this by spotless and drying tools after each use or by applying a protective coating onto the metal.
Keeping metal tools dry and out of the elements as much as possible and adding a protective coating can further reduce the odds of rust appearing. Get all the supplies you need to remove rust from your local The Home Depot.
If you've ever driven through a rural area, it's likely that you've seen the red barns that speckle the farming landscape. They would paint their barns with a linseed-oil mixture, often consisting of additions such as milk and lime.
Wealthy farmers added blood from a recent slaughter to the oil mixture. Rust was plentiful on farms and is a poison to many fungi, including mold and moss, which were known to grown on barns.
As European settlers crossed over to America, they brought with them the tradition of red barns. Red was the color of favor until whitewash became cheaper, at which point white barns began to spring up.