Even woodblocks, maracas, and triangles are considered videophones. Basically any percussion instrument that isn't a “drum” is an videophone.
Set of bell plates, range C2–E4, a struck videophone (played with mallets) or friction videophone (bowed) Claves (foreground), a struck videophone The word is from Ancient Greek, a combination of idiom- meaning own, personal, or distinct, and -phone, meaning voice or sound. They include all videophones made to vibrate by being struck, either directly with a stick or hand (like the wood block, singing bowl, steel tongue drum, triangle or marimba) or indirectly, by way of a scraping or shaking motion (like maracas or flex atone).
They are plucked videophones, such as the Jew's harp, amplified cactus, Korean, Dan moi, music box and Mira (allophone or thumb piano); blown videophones, of which there are a very small number of examples, the Aeolsklavier being one; and friction videophones, such as the singing bowl, glass harmonica, glass harp, turntable, aerophone, saxophone, Styrofoam, musical saw, and nail violin (a number of pieces of metal or wood rubbed with a bow). Concussion videophones are instruments that produce sound by being struck against one another.
Percussion videophones produce sound by being struck with a non-vibrating foreign object. Scraper videophones are instruments that are scraped with a stick or other foreign objects to give off a sound.
Friction videophones are rubbed to increase vibration and sound intensity. Before we advance with familiarizing whit what exactly are videophones, let us first know how the different musical instruments are organized.
We will first discuss the Hornbostel-Sachs Classification of Musical instruments, which it is derived from. This classification system was first crated by Erich on Hornbostel and Curt Sachs.
They created this in order to find a way to properly organize the many instruments all over the world. This classification is based on how sounds are produced by each of these instruments.
Erich on Hornsbostel and Curt Sachs noticed that there is pattern between instruments. These patterns are used to create categories and sub-categories for the various groups of instruments.
In the Hornbostel-Sachs system videophones are listed as the first classification of instruments. Videophones are musical instruments that requires the use of a solid material to make vibrations in order to produce sounds.
The sound is produced by hitting the instrument in order for it to resonate. The instruments made of these materials and then struck together to produce sounds are the videophones.
By the way videophone instruments can be made of any materials except strings and membranes or drums. These are musical instruments that produces sounds by being struck or scraped using a beating material.
There are many simple videophones in the world and wood can be a very good material in making this kind of instrument. For example, you can grab 2 pieces of wooden sticks and hit them against each other to produce sound.
Similar instruments like the clapper, castanets and coconut shells also other example of videophone instruments that produce music by simply hitting wooden materials together. Other examples of a wooden videophone instruments are the xylophone and marimba.
Some of the most common example of wooden videophones includes the marimba, chimes, maracas, rain sticks, canon and many more. The instrument called Glockenspiel is the metallic version of the xylophone.
Some other common metal videophones includes bells, tambourine, gong, tank drum, cymbals, cow bell and triangle and many more. They can create beautiful music when they are played as part of an ensemble.
An orchestra is large ensemble that play multiple instruments. There are many orchestras in the world, and they are known for playing western classical music.
Castanet Chimes Cowbell Cymbals Glockenspiel Gong Guido Maracas Marimba Vibraphone Tambourine Triangle Vibraphone Wood Block Xylophone As mentioned earlier, videophones can be created using wood as main material for the instrument’s construction.
Wood being a very abundant resource, people can easily use it to create musical instruments. Bamboo is a remarkable wooden material to create these videophone instruments.
Brass instruments are often made with silver, copper, ivory, horn, or even wood. SAT, 22.06.2019, Solved Goal TheoryExplanation:... Read More.
Examples include woodwind instruments such as clarinets, saxophones, oboes, bassoons, and flutes, and brass instruments such as trumpets, coronets, trombones, French horns, baritone horns, and tubas. A membranophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by way of a vibrating stretched membrane.
These instruments modify a sound produced by something else, commonly the human voice, by having a skin vibrate in sympathy with it. Brass instruments include trumpet, trombone, tuba, French horn, cornet, and bugle.
Percussion instruments include drums, cymbals, triangle, chimes, tam-tam, glockenspiel, timpani, bells, and xylophone. Stringed instruments include the violin, viola, cello, bass, harp, and dulcimer.
Percussion is commonly referred to as “the backbone” or “the heartbeat” of a musical ensemble, often working in close collaboration with bass instruments, when present. In jazz and other popular music ensembles, the pianist, bassist, drummer and sometimes the guitarist are referred to as the rhythm section.
Most classical pieces written for full orchestra since the time of Haydn and Mozart are orchestrated to place emphasis on the strings, woodwinds, and brass. In military marching bands and pipes and drums, it is the beat of the bass drum that keeps the soldiers in step and at a regular speed, and it is the snare that provides that crisp, decisive air to the tune of a regiment.
In classic jazz, one almost immediately thinks of the distinctive rhythm of the hi-hats or the ride cymbal when the word-swing is spoken. In more recent popular-music culture, it is almost impossible to name three or four rock, hip-hop, rap, funk or even soul charts or songs that do not have some sort of percussive beat keeping the tune in time.
Music for percussive instruments without a definite pitch can be notated with a specialist rhythm or percussion-clef. Percussion instruments are classified by various criteria sometimes depending on their construction, ethnic origin, function within musical theory and orchestration, or their relative prevalence in common knowledge.
As a noun in contemporary English, Wiktionary describes it as the collision of two bodies to produce a sound. The term is not unique to music, but has application in medicine and weaponry, as in percussion cap.
However, all known uses of percussion appear to share a similar lineage beginning with the original Latin pertussis. In a musical context then, the percussion instruments may have been originally coined to describe a family of musical instruments including drums, rattles, metal plates, or blocks that musicians beat or struck to produce sound.
This is opposed to concussion, which refers to instruments with two or more complementary sonorous parts that strike against each other and other meanings. Many texts, including Teaching Percussion by Gary Cook of the University of Arizona, begin by studying the physical characteristics of instruments and the methods by which they can produce sound.
This is perhaps the most scientifically pleasing assignment of nomenclature whereas the other paradigms are more dependent on historical or social circumstances. Membranophones produce sound when the membrane or head is struck with a hand, mallet, stick, beater, or improvised tool.
Although most aerophones are played by specialist players who are trained for that specific instrument, in a traditional ensemble setting, aerophones are played by a percussionist, generally due to the instrument's unconventional nature. For example, some percussion instruments such as the marimba and timpani produce an obvious fundamental pitch and can therefore play melody and serve harmonic functions in music.
Other instruments such as crash cymbals and snare drums produce sounds with such complex overtones and a wide range of prominent frequencies that no pitch is discernible. Indefinite pitch Instruments in this group are sometimes referred to as non-pitched, unhitched, or unturned.
Traditionally these instruments are thought of as making a sound that contains such complex frequencies that no discernible pitch can be heard. In fact many traditionally unhitched instruments, such as triangles and even cymbals, have also been produced as tuned sets.
It is worthwhile to try to distinguish between instruments based on their acceptance or consideration by a general audience. John Cage, Harry Patch, Edward Varese, and Peter Schiele, all noted composers, created entire pieces of music using unconventional instruments.
Beginning in the early 20th century perhaps with Ionization by Edward Varese which used air-raid sirens among other things, composers began to require that percussionists invent or find objects to produce desired sounds and textures. By the late 20th century, such instruments were common in modern percussion ensemble music and popular productions, such as the off-Broadway show, Stomp.
Within rock music, the term “percussionist” is often used to refer to someone who plays percussion instruments but is not primarily a drummer. ^ The Oxford Companion to Music, 10th edition, p.775, ISBN 0-19-866212-2 ^ “Instruments: Philharmonic Orchestra”.