Zambia is right in the tropics and gets lots of rain in the Wet season (November to April). The climate of the capital, Lusaka, is the same as that of the higher areas of central and southern Zambia, including Value NP.
ClassificationCountKöppen-GeigerExamplesHumid subtropical climate134Cwa Lusaka, Kite, Nola, China, Value Tropical savanna climate62Aw Alumni, Chicana, Long, Karaganda, Moro Mission Hot-summer Mediterranean climate43Csa Asama, William Simba, Mulekatembo, Chifungwe, China Hot semi-arid climates18BSh Scheme, Saving, Arugula, Hindu, Livingstone Warm-summer Mediterranean climate7Csb Condo, Senga Hills, Male, Mancini, Mule Subtropical highland oceanic climate5Cwb Sole, Result, Anna, Nab wale, Levi Mango Lusaka's climate is classified as warm and temperate. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate.
According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as CWA. Zambia, a country located in Southern Africa, is almost entirely covered by a plateau, which tempers the climate, making the temperature generally acceptable for most of the year.
On the other hand, moisture is high during the rainy season, which begins around the middle of November, and lasts until the end of March. During the coolest period, from mid-May to mid-August, it can get cold at night, especially in the southern regions, where the temperature can drop to around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F).
Sometimes, however, owing to the ancestral custom of burning harvest residues in order to prepare the land for crop rotation, the air may smell of smoke, and some scattered fires can be seen. In contrast, in October and November, the first thunderstorms after the dry season can trigger natural fires, when trees are struck by lightning.
On the contrary, in the north, the altitude reaches 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) near Male, while in the north-east, near the border with Malawi, where the cool grassland of the Nina National Park is found, it even reaches 2,200 meters (7,200 ft). In the areas of the north located below 1,000 meters (3,300 feet), and on the shores of Lake Karina in the south, the winter climate is milder, especially at night.
In the far north, a small portion of Lake Tanganyika belongs to Zambia, and its banks are at 770 meters (2,500 ft). Here, the temperature remains high even in winter, also because we are just 8 degrees south of the Equator.
Here, 1,200 mm (48 in) of rain fall per year, with heavy rains from December to March; the rainy season is slightly longer than in the rest of the country, in fact, more than 100 mm (4 in) fall even in April and November. On the plateau, the night temperature from May to August drops a lot, becoming very cool, and sometimes even cold.
In December, January, and February, at the height of the rainy season, temperatures hover around 28 °C (82 °F) during the day and around 18 °C (64 °F) at night. On the other hand, in the coolest months, June and July, the temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) in the daytime and 9 °C (48 °F) at night; sometimes, however, it can approach freezing.
At the end of the dry season, from September to November, the highest temperatures of the year are recorded, with peaks of about 35/37 °C (95/99 °F). North of Lusaka and north-east of the Value National Park, we find the Luanda Swamp, a vast wetland area located at 1,100 meters (3,600 feet) above sea level.
Here, the heat is intense from September to November, with peaks of 40 °C (104 °F), while the winter nights are cold because of the more southern location, even though the altitude is slightly lower than in the capital. In Livingstone, rainfall amounts to 700 mm (27 in) per year: we are in one of the driest areas of the country.
The cyclone season in the Southwest Indian Ocean runs from November to mid-May, but the period when they are most likely goes from late December to mid-April. The best time to go to Zambia is from May to August : it's the coolest period of the year, and it's dry and sunny.
During the rainy season, not only the weather is hot and muggy, but also the rains can cause flooding and make travelling difficult. (Weather station: Lusaka International airport, Zambia).
Winds WNW at 5 to 10 mph. Showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm during the evening, then some lingering showers still possible overnight.
Winds light and variable. Scattered thunderstorms in the morning, then mainly cloudy during the afternoon with thunderstorms likely.