The west of the country has a more pronounced influence of low pressure systems generated over the Atlantic, causing moderate temperatures and stronger precipitation. Climate nuances are demonstrated on the steps of the altitude, the mountain ranges of the Carpathian arc have a cool mountain climate with high humidity throughout the year.
Rainfall, although adequate throughout the country, decreases from west to east and from mountains to plains. Romania map of Köppen climate classification, according to Climb Romania from the Administration National de Meteorologie, Bucharest 2008Average temperature and precipitations in BucharestOwing to its distance from the open ocean, Romania has a continental climate.
Summers are generally very warm to hot, with average highs in Bucharest being around 29 °C (84.2 °F), with temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) not unknown in the lower-lying areas of the country. Nighttime lows in Bucharest and other lower-lying areas are around 18 °C (64.4 °F), but at higher altitudes both maxima and minima decline considerably.
Climate data for Order Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) 1.4(34.5) 4.7(40.5) 10.7(51.3) 16.9(62.4) 22.1(71.8) 24.9(76.8) 27.1(80.8) 26.8(80.2) 23.0(73.4) 17.1(62.8) 9.3(48.7) 3.4(38.1) 15.6(60.1) Average low °C (°F) 5.2(22.6) 2.7(27.1) 1.0(33.8) 5.5(41.9) 10.1(50.2) 12.9(55.2) 14.2(57.6) 13.9(57.0) 10.8(51.4) 5.9(42.6) 1.9(35.4) 2.4(27.7) 5.5(41.9) Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.5(1.56) 30.3(1.19) 36.5(1.44) 44.9(1.77) 63.4(2.50) 90.5(3.56) 69.1(2.72) 55.2(2.17) 39.9(1.57) 37.9(1.49) 46.6(1.83) 49.4(1.94) 603.2(23.74) Source: Administration National de Meteorologie ^ “The Climate of Bucharest 1981–2010 (Average Temperatures, Humidity)” (in Russian).
Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). ^ “Klimatafel on Temeschburg (Semester, Timioara), Banal / Rumanian” (PDF).
Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). ^ “Klimatafel on IASI (Sassy), Monday (Bessarabien) / Rumanian” (PDF).
Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). ^ “Klimatafel on Constant (Constant), Dobrudscha / Rumanian” (PDF).
Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Administration National de Meteorologie (Romanian National Administration of Meteorology).
Romania, in the southeast of Central Europe, has a transitional climate, experiencing both temperate and continental conditions and receiving all four seasons. Typically, Romania experiences blisteringly hot summers, cool, dry autumns, cold winters with snow and fog, and mild springs.
The countries location and varied topography, notably the Carpathian Mountains, means there is a great deal of regional climatic variation. Receiving weather fronts drained of their precipitation by the mountains and in the absence of topological features, this part of Romania is dry and windswept.
Constant, on the northern part of Romanians coast, receives pleasantly warm summers with a peak of 26 °C in July and August, and cool winters with an average low of -3 °C in January when the day time high is 4 °C. Eastern Romania, between the Carpathians and the Black Sea, is similar to Drooped in its flat topography as it too is part of the Romanian Plain.
Central Romania, which consists of the Carpathian and Bihar Mountains, receive a temperate climate with a great deal of rain. The mountains block the more extreme continental temperatures from blowing to the west, so winters are warm far the elevation, and summers are cool for the inland location.
Up in the mountains the ski resorts such as Point Brass, Sinai and Stand de Vale, are open for all winter and into spring. It is generally much more overcast due to the abundance of humid air that builds up on this side of the mountains, but still sees a good deal of sunshine in summer months.
It is generally agreed that the best time to visit Romania is in the late spring or early autumn months when the extreme highs of the summer heat are to be avoided. Great topological diversity, from the flat plateau to rolling foothills to large mountains, and the effects this has on regional climates, has to lead to a high level of biodiversity.
Human development has done damage to Romanians environment but it still has the largest area of intact forest in Europe, and steps are being taken towards a more sustainable level of growth. Romania, an Eastern European country, has generally a continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers.
The Black Sea coast has a slightly milder climate, but not by much, since it often receives air masses coming from inland. In the long Carpathian range, which crosses the country with a semicircular shape, the weather becomes colder and wetter with increasing altitude: in winter, snowfalls are frequent, while in summer, thunderstorms occur in the afternoon.
Precipitation is not abundant in inland plains, since it amounts to around 600 millimeters (23.5 inches) per year, although it is well distributed over the seasons, with a maximum in May and June, mainly because of afternoon thunderstorms. During winter, temperatures are fairly uniform across the continental region, and decrease mainly with increasing altitude.
In the main cities located around sea level (Bucharest, Timioara, IASI, Crayola, Galatia etc. In the Transylvanian Plateau, west of the Carpathians, winter is slightly colder: in Cluj-Napoca and Sirius, both located at 400 meters (1,300 feet) above sea level, the average in January is -3 °C (27 °F).
Romania, like other parts of the Balkan Peninsula, is exposed to outbreaks of cold air masses from Northern Europe or Russia, most likely in winter and spring. They used to be more frequent in the past decades, when the climate was colder, however, they can still lower the temperatures to around -20 °C (-4 °F), while in summer, a bit of cool air arriving at high altitudes, in contrast with hot air lying in the lowest layers, can give rise to thunderstorms.
During winter, the mildest lowland area of Romania is Dobrudja, the stretch of plain east of the Danube River, which receives the influence of the sea. Summer, from June to August, is quite warm in the north, in the plains and hills of Transylvania (the region west and north of the Carpathian Mountains) and in the region east of the Carpathians, on the border with Moldova: in Cluj-Napoca and Sirius, around 400 meters (1,300 feet) above sea level, highs are around 26 °C (79 °F), while in IASI, near the border with Moldova, they are around 28 °C (82 °F).
South of the Carpathians, the region of Wallach, where Bucharest is located, is warmer, and it's often hot: here, the maximum temperatures in July and August are 30 °C (86 °F) on average, and they quite easily reach 35 °C (95 °F) and even more. Along coast of the Black Sea, the weather in summer is nice and pleasantly warm, sometimes even hot, but tempered by the breeze.
Summer is a fairly rainy season, mainly because of afternoon thunderstorms, which occur especially in May and July, and are most frequent and abundant in the mountains. The amount of sunshine in summer is good in the lowlands, while cloud cover is more frequent in the mountains and in Transylvania, where, however, the sun often shines, especially in the morning.
Wallach, the southern lowland area (see Crayola, Bucharest), has a continental climate: winter is still cold, while summer is warmer than in the rest of Romania. Precipitation in Bucharest amounts to 595 mm (23 in) per year; the wettest period is from May to August because of afternoon thunderstorms.
The sun in Bucharest is rarely seen From November to February, since in periods of high pressure, when the weather would be good, fog and low clouds are often formed. In the Transylvanian Plateau, west of the Carpathians (see District, Cluj-Napoca, Sirius), winter is very cold, while summer is a little cooler because of the altitude.
Here are the average temperatures of Measure CIC, located at 660 meters (2,200 feet), in Harshitha County. Precipitation in Measure amounts to 575 mm (22.5 in) per year, as usual, with a summer maximum due to thunderstorms.
The Becoming Monasteries are located at the foot of the Carpathians, in Romanian Moldavia, in the north-east of the country: during the day, it can get hot in July and August, while nights remain cool. In the Cellar Massif, located in the Eastern Carpathians, at 1,900 meters (6,200 ft), the average temperature ranges from -8 °C (17.5 °F) in February to 11 °C (52 °F) in August.
Here is the average temperature in Mount OSU, 2,500 meters (8,200 feet), the highest peak of the Buscemi Mountains, near the towns of Austen and Sinai. On the Black Sea Coast, the climate is slightly milder than in inland areas; however, the winter is still cold, while the summer is warm and sunny, sometimes hot, although tempered by the breeze.
On colder winters, the Black Sea along the coast can even freeze, as happened in February 2012. In Constant, the largest city of the coast, the average temperature ranges from 1.5 °C (35 °F) in January to 23 °C (73.5 °F) in July.
The temperature of the Black Sea is acceptable for swimming in summer: it's around 23 °C (73 °F) in July and 24 °C (75 °F) in August, while it is a bit cool in June and September. July and August can be hot in inland plains, especially in the south, i.e. in Wallach (see Bucharest), so you can choose May, June and September, especially if you don't like the heat.
September is usually a pleasant and quiet month, with little rain; sometimes, warm and sunny weather lasts until October. In winter: bring warm clothes, such as a sweater or fleece, a down jacket, a hat, gloves and a scarf, and a raincoat or umbrella.