Summer temperatures remain high at the coast but are made more tolerable by regular cool breezes. The Egyptian capital has a hot desert climate; however, instead of being dry, its proximity to the Nile Delta and the coast can make the city exceptionally humid.
Light, loose cotton clothing is highly recommended for those who choose to visit the city at this time, while sunscreen and copious amounts of water are essential. If you're planning a cruise down the River Nile, the weather forecast for Aswan or Luxor gives the best indication of what to expect.
As a result, it's generally advisable to avoid these peak summer months, especially as there is little shade to be found near the area's ancient monuments, tombs, and pyramids. Humidity is low, and an average of over 3,800 hours of sunshine a year make Aswan one of the sunniest places on Earth.
The coastal city of Surface gives a general idea of the weather at Egypt's Red Sea resorts. Compared to other destinations in Egypt, winters on the coast are generally milder, while the summer months are slightly cooler.
If you're planning a trip to Siva Oasis or anywhere else in Egypt's Western Desert region, a good time to visit is during early spring and late fall. The hottest period during summer spans July through September, so all but the most weather -hardened visitors should steer clear.
What to pack: Keeping cool is the primary goal if you're visiting Egypt during the summer months. The beginning of December is a prime time to visit, as the sea is still quite warm, prices are low, and the worst of the winter winds likely haven't kicked up yet.
It shares borders with Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, Israel and the Gaza Strip to the east. Egypt has a Mediterranean coastline to the north and on the east borders the Red Sea which is a popular scuba diving destination.
With vast deserts, mountains over 2500 m and long coastlines, Egypt experiences many types of weather from arid heat to snow. The months of June, July and August are generally the hottest and December to January is classed as winter, though it's never cold in the sense that we are used to in most of Europe.
Despite making up only 5.5% of Egypt's land mass, this massive oasis is home to 99% of the country's population. Cairo sits where the mighty Nile fans into its enormous Delta where the waters split into hundreds of rivulets to make the final length of their long journey to the Mediterranean Sea.
Cairo's desert climate is seen across the Nile Valley and Delta, and popular destinations such as Luxor and Aswan experience similar weather. Winters, however, can see quite cool temperatures in the low teens, dropping much lower at night, especially in the higher elevations of the Jill all Air Plateau in the west.
Sandstorms are one of the many perils of the desert when strong winds whip up thick tall clouds of sand. One of the responsible winds is the hot, dry Khamaseen that blows from the south in Egypt during the spring.
The small strip of land joins the African continent to the Middle East and is where Egypt shares its border with Israel. The northern third of the peninsula is flat but further south it is mountainous with the tallest peak, Mount Catherine (Jamal Katrina), standing at 2642 m.
The popular resort of Share Elisha lies on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula on the Red Sea. Summer is very hot with temperatures up to 40 °C, but winters are much cooler averaging a pleasant 18 °C with lows of 13 °C and highs of 22 °C.
Heavy downpours, though infrequent, can happen and have been known to cause flash floods as the rain doesn't soak into the hard ground. Egypt has a northern coastline on the Mediterranean and a coast in the east on the Red Sea.
The cooling breezes that come off the Mediterranean make it more comfortable, with generally cooler temperatures than the east coast. These conditions are typical of the north coast, though some towns can experience colder winter temperatures.
Across the north coast, rainfall is low, though a little higher than in inland Egypt, and is predominantly confined to between October and March. The climate of Share Elisha is typical of the east coast weather ; very hot and dry summers and mild winters.
Temperatures generally range between 14 °C and 38 °C across the year with the hottest months July and August averaging in the low 30s, and the coolest, January, at 18 °C. El Gonna, Surface and Maria Adam are three other very popular resorts based on Egypt's east coast.
Save up to £300 on summer 2021 holidays in TUI sale Discount varies by spend. Being the birthplace of the ancient Pharaohs is testament to its long and rich history, which is well-preserved for Egypt's massive and highly lucrative tourist industry.
Further south, remarkable Pharaonic temples, mausoleums, and tombs can be found at Luxor, Aswan, and Abu Simple. In most places a large daily temperature range sees extremely hot summer days, followed by cool nights that can be cold during the winter.
Cutting a swathe of green through the entire country is the mighty River Nile. Its sheer width is impressive as it surges through the center of Cairo, culminating in a fertile delta flowing into the Mediterranean.
The Nile Valley supports large cotton plantations as well as a patchwork of arable farms. The valley is dry, sunny, and hot in the summer with comfortable or warm winter day-time temperatures that become cool by night.
Frequent winter storms bring rain along the Mediterranean coast but this rarely falls south of Cairo. The Red Sea coast is well known for some of the most spectacular underwater scenery in the world, particularly off Share Elisha.