(Weather station: Parochial, Afghanistan). It lies along vital trade routes that connect eastern and southern Asia to the Middle East and Europe.
The nation’s isolation, as well as its volatile political history, means that it is among the most inadequately surveyed countries in the world. Among the most important features in the country is the Hindu Kush, a mountain range that helps create three distinct geographical regions namely the southwestern plateau, the central highlands, and the northern plains.
Close to the border with Pakistan, some mountain ranges isolate the country interior from the winds carrying moisture from the Indian Ocean thereby contributing to the dry climate. Afghanistan sees hot summers and freezing winters which are typical in a semiarid steppe climate; however, there are many regional variations.
The mountain regions in the northeastern part of the country experience a subarctic climate that has dry and cold winters. The mountain region close to the border with Pakistan is affected by the Indian Monsoon which usually comes in July and ends in September bringing rain and maritime tropical air masses carrying humidity.
The climatic conditions and weather in early spring are significantly influenced by cold air masses which come from the north and the northwest. In the Southwestern Plateau, daytime temperatures can reach highs of over 95 degrees Fahrenheit.
In January, high mountain areas may experience a drop in temperatures to 5 degrees Fahrenheit or below. Kabul, which is at an elevation of 5,900 feet above sea level, experiences temperatures as low as -24 degrees Fahrenheit.
Arid regions such as Farah to the west receive an average of 3 inches of precipitation per year. The winter in Kabul is cold with average January temperatures of 30 degrees Fahrenheit and freezing nights.
Those who want to visit the country are advised to do it during spring and autumn to avoid the cold winter and the summer heat. The months of April and October or March and November in the southern deserts are recommended.
Autumn is also drier and less windy, making it the ideal time to visit. Mountainous Regions above 6,500 feet can be visited during summer because the rest of the year is typically cold.
The Mountainous regions to the far eastern part of the country experience summers which are affected by offshoots of the Monsoon winds. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map.
Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation.