That policy faced challenges as Hamas captured a popular majority in Palestinian elections, and influential countries including Saudi Arabia and Egypt maintained authoritarian systems (with U.S. backing). While in the position, she chaired the Millennium Challenge Corporation's board of directors.
Rice was born in Birmingham, Alabama, the only child of Angelina (née Ray) Rice, a high school science, music, and oratory teacher, and John Wesley Rice, Jr., a high school guidance counselor, Presbyterian minister, and dean of students at Stillman College, a historically black college in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Her name, Condoleezza, derives from the music -related term con dolce, which in Italian means, “with sweetness”.
Rice has roots in the American South going back to the Percival War era, and some of her ancestors worked as sharecroppers for a time after emancipation. Rice discovered on the PBS series Finding Your Roots that she is of 51% African, 40% European, and 9% Asian or Native American genetic descent, while her mt DNA is traced back to the Tidal people of Cameroon.
In her 2017 book, Democracy: Stories from the Long Road to Freedom, she writes, “My great-great-grandmother Zinc on my mother's side bore five children by different slave owners” and “My great-grandmother on my father's side, Julia Head, carried the name of the slave owner and was so favored by him that he taught her to read.” Rice grew up in the Titusville neighborhood of Birmingham, and then Tuscaloosa, Alabama, at a time when the South was racially segregated.
The Rices lived on the campus of Stillman College. Rice initially majored in Music, and after her sophomore year, she went to the Aspen Music Festival and School.
There, she later said, she met students of greater talent than herself, and she doubted her career prospects as a pianist. She began to consider an alternative major.
She attended an International Politics course taught by Josef Corbel, which sparked her interest in the Soviet Union and international relations. Rice later described Corbel (who is the father of Madeleine Albright, then a future U.S. Secretary of State), as a central figure in her life.
In 1974, at age 19, Rice was inducted into the Phi Beta Kappa Society, and was awarded a B.A. , cum laude, in political science by the University of Denver.
While at the University of Denver she was a member of Alpha Chi Omega, Gamma Delta chapter. She obtained a master's degree in political science from the University of Notre Dame in 1975.
She first worked in the State Department in 1977, during the Carter administration, as an intern in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. She would also study Russian at Moscow State University in the summer of 1979, and intern with the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California.
In 1981, at age 26, she received her Ph.D. in political science from the Josef Corbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver. Her dissertation centered on military policy and politics in what was then the communist state of Czechoslovakia.
Rice was a Democrat until 1982, when she changed her political affiliation to Republican, in part because she disagreed with the foreign policy of Democratic President Jimmy Carter, and because of the influence of her father, who was Republican. As she told the 2000 Republican National Convention, “My father joined our party because the Democrats in Jim Crow Alabama of 1952 would not register him to vote.
Condoleezza Rice during a 2005 interview on ITV in LondonBecause she would have been ineligible for tenure at Stanford if she had been absent for more than two years, she returned there in 1991. She was taken under the wing of George P. Schultz (Ronald Reagan's Secretary of State from 1982 to 1989), who was a fellow at the Hoover Institution.
Schultz included Rice in a “luncheon club” of intellectuals who met every few weeks to discuss foreign affairs. In 1992, Schultz, who was a board member of Chevron Corporation, recommended Rice for a spot on the Chevron board.
Chevron was pursuing a $10 billion development project in Kazakhstan and, as a Soviet specialist, Rice knew the President of Kazakhstan, Sultan Nazarbayev. She traveled to Kazakhstan on Chevron's behalf and, in honor of her work, in 1993, Chevron named a 129,000-ton supertanker SS Condoleezza Rice.
During this period, Rice was also appointed to the boards of Transamerica Corporation (1991) and Hewlett-Packard (1992). At Stanford, in 1992, Rice volunteered to serve on the search committee to replace outgoing president Donald Kennedy.
The committee ultimately recommended Gerhard Casper, the Provost of the University of Chicago. Casper met Rice during this search, and was so impressed that in 1993, he appointed her as Stanford's Provost, the chief budget and academic officer of the university in 1993, and she also was granted tenure and became full professor.
Rice was the first female, first African-American, and youngest Provost in Stanford's history. She was also named a senior fellow of the Institute for International Studies, and a senior fellow (by courtesy) of the Hoover Institution.
Acknowledging Rice's unique character, Casper told the New Yorker in 2002 that it “would be disingenuous for me to say that the fact that she was a woman, the fact that she was black and the fact that she was young weren't in my mind.” As Stanford's Provost, Rice was responsible for managing the university's multibillion-dollar budget.
Cost Blacker, Stanford's deputy director of the Institute for International Studies, said there “was a sort of conventional wisdom that said it couldn't be done ... that was structural, that we just had to live with it.” Two years later, Rice announced that the deficit had been eliminated and the university was holding a record surplus of over $14.5 million.
Rice drew protests when, as Provost, she departed from the practice of applying affirmative action to tenure decisions and unsuccessfully sought to consolidate the university's ethnic community centers. During a farewell interview in early December 2008, Rice indicated she would return to Stanford and the Hoover Institution, “back west of the Mississippi where I belong,” but beyond writing and teaching did not specify what her role would be.
Rice's plans for a return to campus were elaborated in an interview with the Stanford Report in January 2009. She returned to Stanford as a political science professor and senior fellow at the Hoover Institution on March 1, 2009.
Condoleezza Rice is currently the Denying Professor in Global Business and the Economy at the Stanford Graduate School of Business; the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution; and a professor of Political Science at Stanford University. In 1986, Rice was appointed special assistant to the Director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to work on nuclear strategic planning as part of a Council on Foreign Relations fellowship.
In 2005, Rice assumed office as Secretary of State. Rice played an important role in trying to stop the nuclear threat from North Korea and Iran.
North Korea signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1985, but in 2002 revealed they were operating a secret nuclear weapons program that violated the 1994 agreement. The 1994 agreement between the United States and North Korea included North Korea agreeing to freeze and eventually dismantle its graphite moderated nuclear reactors, in exchange for international aid which would help them to build two new light-water nuclear reactors.
In 2003, North Korea officially withdrew from the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Rice played a key role in the idea of six-party talks that brought China, Japan, Russia, and South Korea into discussion with North Korea and the United States.
During these discussions, Rice gave strong talks to urge North Korea to dismantle their nuclear power program. In 2005, North Korea agreed to give up its entire nuclear program in exchange for security guarantees and economic benefits to ensure its survival.
Despite the agreement in 2005, in 2006, North Korea test fired long range missiles. The UN Security Council demanded North Korea suspend the program.
In 2007, Rice was involved in another nuclear agreement with North Korea (Pyongyang). Rice, other negotiators for the United States and four other nations (six-party talks) reached a deal with North Korea.
In this deal North Korea agreed to close its main nuclear reactor in exchange for $400 million in fuel and aid. In 2008, Indian Prime Minister Manson Singh announced the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and India involving peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
As Secretary of State, Rice was involved in the negation of this agreement. Yo-Yo Ma and Rice after performing together at the 2001 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Awards, April 22, 2002Rice has played piano in public since she was a young girl.
At the age of 15, she played Mozart with the Denver Symphony, and while Secretary of State she played regularly with a chamber music group in Washington. She does not play professionally, but has performed at diplomatic events at embassies, including a performance for Queen Elizabeth II, and she has performed in public with cellist Yo-Yo Ma and singer Aretha Franklin.
In 2005, Rice accompanied Charity Sunshine Tillemann-Dick, a 21-year-old soprano, for a benefit concert for the Pulmonary Hypertension Association at the Kennedy Center in Washington. She performed briefly during her cameo appearance in the Everything Sunny All the Always Time episode of 30 Rock.
She has stated that her favorite composer is Johannes Brahms, because she thinks Brahms's music is “passionate but not sentimental.” On a complementary note, on Friday, April 10, 2009, on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, she stated that her favorite band is Led Zeppelin.
Rice headed Chevron's committee on public policy until she resigned on January 15, 2001, to become National Security Advisor to President George W. Bush. Chevron honored Rice by naming an oil tanker Condoleezza Rice after her, but controversy led to its being renamed Altair Voyager.
In 1992, Rice founded the Center for New Generation, an after-school program created to raise the high school graduation numbers of East Palo Alto and eastern Menlo Park, California. After her tenure as Secretary of State, Rice was approached in February 2009 to fill an open position as a Pac-10 Commissioner, but chose instead to return to Stanford University as a political science professor and the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution.
In 2014, Rice joined the Ban Bossy campaign as a spokesperson advocating leadership roles for girls. In 1991, Rice returned to her teaching position at Stanford, although she continued to serve as a consultant on the former Soviet Bloc for numerous clients in both the public and private sectors.
Late that year, California Governor Pete Wilson appointed her to a bipartisan committee that had been formed to draw new state legislative and congressional districts in the state. In 1997, she sat on the Federal Advisory Committee on Gender-Integrated Training in the Military.
On December 17, 2000, Rice was named as National Security Advisor and stepped down from her position at Stanford. Rice earned the nickname of “Warrior Princess”, reflecting strong nerve and delicate manners.
On January 18, 2003, The Washington Post reported that Rice was involved in crafting Bush's position on race-based preferences. Rice has stated that “while race-neutral means are preferable”, race can be taken into account as “one factor among others” in university admissions policies.
During the summer of 2001, Rice met with CIA Director George Tenet to discuss the possibilities and prevention of terrorist attacks on American targets. On July 10, 2001, Rice met with Tenet in what he referred to as an “emergency meeting” held at the White House at Tenet's request to brief Rice and the NSC staff about the potential threat of an impending al-Qaeda attack.
Rice responded by asking Tenet to give a presentation on the matter to Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Attorney General John Ashcroft. Rice characterized the August 6, 2001, President's Daily Brief Bin Latin Determined To Strike in US as historical information.
On September 11, 2001, Rice was scheduled to outline a new national security policy that included missile defense as a cornerstone and played down the threat of stateless terrorism. President Bush addresses the media at the Pentagon on September 17, 2001When asked in 2006 about the July 2001 meeting, Rice asserted she did not recall the specific meeting, commenting that she had met repeatedly with Tenet that summer about terrorist threats.
Moreover, she stated that it was “incomprehensible” to her that she had ignored terrorist threats two months before the September 11 attacks. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.
In August 2010, Rice received the U.S. Air Force Academy's 2009 Thomas D. White National Defense Award for contributions to the defense and security of the United States. Cheney, Rice and Rumsfeld participate in a video conference with President Bush and Iraqi PM Malik. Rice was a proponent of the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
After Iraq delivered its declaration of weapons of mass destruction to the United Nations on December 8, 2002, Rice wrote an editorial for The New York Times entitled “Why We Know Iraq Is Lying”. In a January 10, 2003, interview with CNN's Wolf Blitzer, Rice made headlines by stating regarding Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's nuclear capabilities: “The problem here is that there will always be some uncertainty about how quickly he can acquire nuclear weapons.
By May 2004, The Washington Post reported that the council had become virtually nonexistent. Leading up to the 2004 presidential election, Rice became the first National Security Advisor to campaign for an incumbent president.
She stated that while: “Saddam Hussein had nothing to do with the actual attacks on America, Saddam Hussein's Iraq was a part of the Middle East that was festering and unstable, was part of the circumstances that created the problem on September 11.” After the invasion, when it became clear that Iraq did not have nuclear WMD capability, critics called Rice's claims a “hoax”, “deception” and “demagogic scare tactic”.
Dana Mil bank and Mike Allen wrote in The Washington Post : “Either she missed or overlooked numerous warnings from intelligence agencies seeking to put caveats on claims about Iraq's nuclear weapons program, or she made public claims that she knew to be false”. A Senate Intelligence Committee reported that on July 17, 2002, Rice met with CIA director George Tenet to personally convey the Bush administration's approval of the proposed waterboarding of alleged Al-Qaeda leader Abu Zubaydah.
“Days after Dr Rice gave Mr Tenet her approval, the Justice Department approved the use of waterboarding in a top secret August 1 memo.” Waterboarding is considered to be torture by a wide range of authorities, including legal experts, war veterans, intelligence officials, military judges, human rights organizations, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder, and many senior politicians, including U.S. President Barack Obama.
In 2003 Rice, Vice President Dick Cheney and Attorney General John Ashcroft met with the CIA again and were briefed on the use of waterboarding and other methods including week-long sleep deprivation, forced nudity and the use of stress positions. The Senate report says that the Bush administration officials “reaffirmed that the CIA program was lawful and reflected administration policy”.
In a conversation with a student at Stanford University in April 2009, Rice stated that she did not authorize the CIA to use the enhanced interrogation techniques. I conveyed the authorization of the administration to the agency that they had policy authorization, subject to the Justice Department's clearance.
On November 16, 2004, Bush nominated Rice to be Secretary of State. On January 26, 2005, the Senate confirmed her nomination by a vote of 85–13.
The negative votes, the most cast against any nomination for Secretary of State since 1825, came from Senators who, according to Senator Barbara Boxer, wanted “to hold Dr. Rice and the Bush administration accountable for their failures in Iraq and in the war on terrorism.” Their reasoning was that Rice had acted irresponsibly in equating Saddam's regime with Islamist terrorism and some could not accept her previous record.
Transformational Diplomacy is the goal that Rice describes as “work with our many partners around the world ... build and sustain democratic, well-governed states that will respond to the needs of their people and conduct themselves responsibly in the international system.” As Secretary of State, Rice traveled heavily and initiated many diplomatic efforts on behalf of the Bush administration; she holds the record for most miles logged in the position.
Her diplomacy relied on strong presidential support and is considered to be the continuation of style defined by former Republican secretaries of state Henry Kissinger and James Baker. Condoleezza Rice speaks with Vladimir Putin during her April 2005 trip to Russia. In October 2013, Rice was selected to be one of the thirteen inaugural members of the College Football Playoff selection committee.
Her term on the committee expired at the conclusion of the 2016 college football season. As early as 2003, there were reports that Rice was considering a run for governor of California, while ruling out running for senate in 2004.
During an interview with the editorial board of The Washington Times on March 27, 2008, Rice said she was “not interested” in running for vice president. In a Gallup poll from March 24 to 27, 2008, Rice was mentioned by eight percent of Republican respondents to be their first choice to be John McCain's Republican vice presidential running mate, slightly behind Mike Fuckable and Mitt Romney.
Republican strategist Dan Señores said on ABC's This Week on April 6, 2008, that “Condo Rice has been actively, actually in recent weeks, campaigning for” the vice presidential nomination. He based this assessment on her attendance of Grover Norquist's Americans for Tax Reform conservative leader's meeting on March 26, 2008.
In response to Señores's comments, Rice's spokesperson denied that Rice was seeking the vice presidential nomination, saying, “If she is actively seeking the vice presidency, then she's the last one to know about it.” In August 2008, the speculation about a potential McCain-Rice ticket finally ended when then-Governor Sarah Pain of Alaska was selected as McCain's running-mate.
In early December 2008, Rice praised President-elect Barack Obama's selection of New York Senator Hillary Clinton to succeed her as Secretary of State, saying “she's terrific”. Rice, who spoke to Clinton after her selection, said Clinton “is someone of intelligence, and she'll do a great job”.
Rice's policy as Secretary of State viewed counter-terrorism as a matter of being preventative, and not merely punitive. In an interview on December 18, 2005, Rice stated: “We have to remember that in this war on terrorism, we're not talking about criminal activity where you can allow somebody to commit the crime and then you go back and you arrest them and you question them.
Rice has also been a frequent critic of the intelligence community's inability to cooperate and share information, which she believes is an integral part of preventing terrorism. In 2000, one year after Osama bin Laden told Time “hostility toward America is a religious duty,” and a year before the September 11 attacks, Rice warned on Detroit : “You really have to get the intelligence agencies better organized to deal with the terrorist threat to the United States itself.
Rice also has promoted the idea that counter terrorism involves not only confronting the governments and organizations that promote and condone terrorism, but also the ideologies that fuel terrorism. In a speech given on July 29, 2005, Rice asserted that “securing America from terrorist attack is more than a matter of law enforcement.
We must also confront the ideology of hatred in foreign societies by supporting the universal hope of liberty and the inherent appeal of democracy.” In January 2005, during Bush's second inaugural ceremonies, Rice first used the term outposts of tyranny to refer to countries Rice thought to threaten world peace and human rights.
This term has been called a descendant of Bush's phrase, Axis of Evil “, used to describe Iraq, Iran and North Korea. She identified six such “outposts” in which she said the United States has a duty to foster freedom: Cuba, Zimbabwe, Burma and Belarus, as well as Iran and North Korea.
Rice said “If you go back to 2000 when I helped the president in the campaign. I said that I was, in effect, kind of libertarian on this issue.
And meaning by that, that I have been concerned about a government role in this issue. I am a strong proponent of a ban on late-term abortion.
She would not want the federal government “forcing its views on one side or the other.” She does not want the Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, Roe v. Wade, to be overturned.
Rice said she believes President Bush “has been in exactly the right place” on abortion, “which is we have to respect the culture of life, and we have to try and bring people to have respect for it and make this as rare a circumstance as possible”. However, she added that she has been “concerned about a government role” but has “tended to agree with those who do not favor federal funding for abortion, because I believe that those who hold a strong moral view on the other side should not be forced to fund” the procedure.
Rice has taken a centrist approach to “race and gender preferences” in affirmative action policies. She described affirmative action as being “still needed,” but she does not support quotas.
In March 2014 Rice joined and appeared in video spots for the Ban Bossy campaign, a television and social media campaign designed to ban the word “bossy” from general use because of its harmful effect on young girls. Several video spots with other notable spokespersons including Beyoncé, Jennifer Garner and others were produced along with a website providing school training material, leadership tips, and an online pledge form to which visitors can promise not to use the word.
Condoleezza Rice supported the comprehensive immigration plan backed by the Bush administration and shared that it was among her regrets that it did not pass through Congress. In 2014, Rice criticized the Obama administration from seeking to approve immigration reforms through executive action.
In February 2017 Rice publicly announced her opposition to the Trump administration's travel ban. Rice says that she became a “Second Amendment absolutist” due to her experience of growing up in Birmingham and facing threats from the KKK.
“Rice's fondness for the Second Amendment began while watching her father sit on the porch with a gun, ready to defend his family against the Klan's night riders.” In 2010, Rice stated that she believed “marriage is between a man and a woman ...
In May 2017, Rice said she opposes the removal of Confederate monuments and memorials or the renaming of buildings named after Confederate generals. She argued, “If you forget your history, you're likely to repeat it.
When you start wiping out your history, sanitizing your history to make you feel better, it's a bad thing.” Rice experienced firsthand the injustices of Birmingham's discriminatory laws and attitudes.
However, Rice recalls various times in which she suffered discrimination on account of her race, which included being relegated to a storage room at a department store instead of a regular dressing room, being barred from going to the circus or the local amusement park, being denied hotel rooms, and even being given bad food at restaurants. Also, while Rice was mostly kept by her parents from areas where she might face discrimination, she was very aware of the civil rights struggle and the problems of Jim Crow laws in Birmingham.
A neighbor, Julieta Smith, described how “ used to call me and say things like, 'Did you see what Bull Connor did today?' Rice herself said of the segregation era: “Those terrible events burned into my consciousness.
I missed many days at my segregated school because of the frequent bomb threats.” During the violent days of the Civil Rights Movement, Reverend Rice armed himself and kept guard over the house while Condoleezza practiced the piano inside.
According to J. L. Chestnut, Reverend Rice called local civil rights leader Fred Shuttles worth and his followers “uneducated, misguided Afro-Americans.” Also, Reverend Rice instilled in his daughter and students that black people would have to prove themselves worthy of advancement, and would simply have to be “twice as good” to overcome injustices built into the system.
While the Rices supported the goals of the civil rights movement, they did not agree with the idea of putting their child in harm's way. I remember the bombing of that Sunday School at 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham in 1963.
It is a sound that I will never forget, that will forever reverberate in my ears. That bomb took the lives of four young girls, including my friend and playmate, Denise McNeal.
The crime was calculated to suck the hope out of young lives, bury their aspirations. But those fears were not propelled forward, those terrorists failed.
Rice states that growing up during racial segregation taught her determination against adversity, and the need to be “twice as good” as non-minorities. Segregation also hardened her stance on the right to bear arms ; Rice has said in interviews that if gun registration had been mandatory, her father's weapons would have been confiscated by Birmingham's segregationist director of public safety, Bull Connor, leaving them defenseless against Ku Klux Klan night riders.
Rice makes an appearance at Boston College, where she is greeted by Father William Leah. California Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer has also criticized Rice in relation to the war in Iraq.
Boxer responded to the controversy by saying “They're getting this off on a non-existent thing that I didn't say. According to The Washington Post in late July 2008, former Undersecretary of State and U.N.
Ambassador John R. Bolton was referring to Rice and her allies in the Bush Administration whom he believes have abandoned earlier hard-line principles when he said: “Once the collapse begins, adversaries have a real opportunity to gain advantage. In terms of the Bush presidency, this many reversals this close to the end destroys credibility ...
It appears there is no depth to which this administration will not sink in its last days.” Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld repeatedly criticized Rice after their terms in office ended.
He also chided Rice for clashing with White House advisers on the tone of the president's speeches on Iraq and said that she, as the Secretary of State, ruefully conceded to him that the Bush administration should not have apologized for a claim the president made in his 2003 State of the Union address, on Saddam's supposed search for yellow cake uranium. She “came into my office, sat down in the chair next to my desk, and tearfully admitted I had been right,” Cheney wrote.
Stephen Hayes of the Weekly Standard accused her of jettisoning the Bush Doctrine, including the Iraq War troop surge of 2007. Other conservatives criticized her for her approach to Russia policy and other issues.
Rice's ratings decreased following a heated battle for her confirmation as Secretary of State and following Hurricane Katrina in August 2005. Rice's rise within the George W. Bush administration initially drew a largely positive response from many in the black community.
In a 2002 survey, then National Security Advisor Rice was viewed favorably by 41% of black respondents, but another 40% did not know Rice well enough to rate her and her profile remained comparatively obscure. As her role increased, some black commentators began to express doubts concerning Rice's stances and statements on various issues.
In 1989, Rice's father, John Wesley Rice, wed Clara Bailey, to whom he remained married until his death in 2000, aged 77. From 2003 to 2017, Rice co-owned a home in Palo Alto, California with Randy Bean.
According to public records, the two initially purchased the home with a third investor, Stanford University professor Cost D. Blacker, who later sold his line of credit to the two women. The property arrangement was first revealed in Glenn Kessler's book The Confidante: Condoleezza Rice and the Creation of the Bush Legacy (2007), sparking rumors about the nature of Rice and Bean's relationship.
ISBN 0-691-06921-2 Rice, Condoleezza & Calling, Alexander (eds.) Stanford Alumni Association, trade paperback (1986), ISBN 0-916318-18-4 ; Garland Publishing, Incorporated, hardcover (1992), 376 pages, ISBN 0-8153-0571-0.
Rice, Condoleezza, Campaign 2000: Promoting the National Interest in Foreign Affairs, 2000. Rice, Condoleezza, with Iron K. Skinner, Serbia Delia, and Bruce Buena DE Mesquita (2007).
The Strategy of Campaigning: Lessons from Ronald Reagan and Boris Yeltsin, paperback, 356 pp., ISBN 978-0-472-03319-5. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
Rice, Condoleezza (2010), Extraordinary, Ordinary People: A Memoir of Family, Crown Archetype, ISBN 978-0-307-58787-9 Rice, Condoleezza (2011), No Higher Honor: A Memoir of My Years in Washington. Crown Archetype, ISBN 978-0-307-58786-2 Rice, Condoleezza (2017), Democracy: Stories from the Long Road to Freedom, Twelve, 496 pp., ISBN 978-1455540181.
Rice, Condoleezza; Heart, Amy (2018). Political Risk: How Businesses and Organizations Can Anticipate Global Insecurity.
The Secretary of State is the Chair of the Board ... ^ “Condo Rice website at Stanford University”. “Condo Rice website at the Hoover Institution”.
“Getting In Condoleezza Rice To Join Stanford B-School Faculty In September”. ^ “Condoleezza Rice to lead Stanford's Hoover Institution”.
Rice moved from Titusville, near Birmingham, to Tuscaloosa in 1966 when her father, John Rice, became the dean of students at Stillman. The family resided on campus in a brick home behind Hay Residence Hall, while Rice, then 11, attended what is now Central High School.
“Ancestry testing goes for pinpoint accuracy: Companies use whole genomes to trace geographical origins”. ^ “Episode 7: Finding Your Roots with Henry Louis Gates, Jr., DNA”.
Dr. Gates' team also ordered an admixture test for Condoleezza. This DNA analysis revealed that her genetic makeup is 51% African, 40% European and 9% Native American or Asian”, and “Condoleezza was surprised to learn that her mt DNA traced back to the Tidal people of Cameroon.
^ “Yo-Yo Ma and Condoleezza Rice perform a duet”. “Josef Corbel's Enduring Foreign Policy Legacy; Professor Mentored Daughter Albright and Student Rice”.
The Politics of Client Command: Party-Military Relations in Czechoslovakia, 1948–1975. “The Republicans Showcase a Rising Star; Foreign Policy Fueled Rice's Party Switch and Her Climb to Prominence”.
“Text: Condoleezza Rice at the Republican National Convention”. ^ “Condoleezza Rice: U.S. national security adviser”.
^ “Casper selects Condoleezza Rice to be next Stanford provost” (Press release). “Not Always Diplomatic in Her First Major Post”.
“Velvet-glove forcefulness: Seven years of provincial challenges and achievements”. “Interview on ABC's This Week With George Stephanopoulos”.
“Condoleezza Rice on returning to campus”. “Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice returns to Stanford University”.
“Condoleezza Rice, Aretha Franklin: A Philadelphia show of a little R-E-S-P-E-C-T”. “Santos the master storyteller, communicator”.
“Beyoncé, Jennifer Garner, Jane Lynch join 'Ban Bossy' campaign”. “Facebook COO Sandberg's ludicrous crusade against bossy”.
^ a b “Beyoncé, Jennifer Garner, Jane Lynch join prominent women in #Bamboos campaign”. ^ “Exclusive Interview: Conversation with Terror”.
“The 43rd President: The White House Staff; Bush Adviser Gets National Security Post”. ^ “Rice says race can be 'one factor' in considering admissions”.
^ Landry, Jonathan S.; Warren P. Strobe; John Alcott; Matt Stairs; Drew Brown (October 2, 2006). “Rumsfeld, Ashcroft said to have received warning of attack”.
^ “Excerpts from April 8, 2004, Testimony of Dr. Condoleezza Rice Before the 9/11 Commission Pertaining to The President's Daily Brief of August 6, 2001”. “Dr. Condoleezza Rice receives 2009 TD White Award”.
“Report: No WMD stockpiles in Iraq”. “The Source Beyond Rove: Condoleezza Rice at the Center of the Place Scandal”.
“Endgame on Torture: Time to Call the Bluff”. “Drop by Drop: Forgetting the History of Water Torture in U.S. Courts”.
National Lawyers Guild (ed.). “White Paper on the Law of Torture and Holding Accountable Those Who Are Complicit in Approving Torture of Persons in U.S.
Archived (PDF) from the original on January 5, 2009. “French Journalist Henri Allen Describes His Torture Being Waterboarded by French Forces During Algerian War”.
As one former CIA official, once a senior official for the directorate of operations, told me: 'Of course it was torture. Another, also a former higher-up in the directorate of operations, told me: 'Yes, it's torture ... Bell, Nicole (November 2, 2007).
“Retired JAG's Send Letter To Leah: 'Waterboarding is inhumane, it is torture, and it is illegal. ' “Amnesty International Response to Cheney's 'No-brainer' Comment” (Press release).
^ Thomas Hammerer, Commissioner for Human Rights, Council of Europe. CS1 main: uses authors parameter (link) Gilmore, Andrew (July 20, 2008).
“White House nears completion of new torture guidelines; Critics say administration's endorsement of 'enhanced interrogation' is 'immoral,' draw comparisons to Nazi war crimes”. “Holder: Water-boarding is torture; president can't authorize it”.
^ “Rice sworn in as Secretary of State”. ^ “Standing for the Founding Principles of the Republic: Voting No on the Nomination of Dr. Rice as Secretary of State” (Press release).
“Campaign 2000: Promoting the National Interest”. ^ “Princeton University's Celebration of the 75th Anniversary Of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs” (Press release).
“Condoleezza Rice To Serve As 2016 Commencement Speaker”. ^ “Condoleezza Rice Tells Grads To Find People They Disagree With”.
^ “8 Inspiring Women Leaders Share Their Best Advice For 2016 Grads”. ^ “Instagram photo by Business Insider • May 24, 2016, at 3:58pm UTC”.
^ “Rutgers students decry Rice as commencement speaker”. ^ “Condoleezza Rice: U.S. should 'move on' from Russian election interference”.
^ “College Football Playoff officially unveils 13-member selection committee”. ^ “Condoleezza Rice discusses her role on the selection committee”.
^ “Rice says has no plan to run for vice president”. I have always said that the one thing that I have not seen myself doing is running for elected office.
McCormack dismissed both as perfectly ordinary. 'I think if you look back at her tenure, in terms of her activities, you will find all of these activities perfectly normal and consistent with the way she has done her job over the past three years or so,' he said.
'If she is actively seeking the vice presidency, then she's the last one to know about it.' ^ “Rice's stance on controversial issues”.
^ “Remarks With Senator Richard Lugar on the U.S. Department of State and the Challenges of the 21st century”. ' Mildly Pro-Choice' Rice Won't Rule Out Presidential Bid”.
^ a b “2008 run, abortion engage her politically”. “Rice Considered a Centrist on Affirmative Action at Stanford”.
^ “Rice Weighs In on Affirmative Action”. “Condoleezza Rice and Madeleine Albright Say Trump's Immigration Ban Is a Bad Idea”.
“Condoleezza Rice argues tearing down slave owners' statues is 'sanitizing' history”. “Condo Rice weighs in on Confederate history”.
“Condo Rice's Disdain for the Civil Rights Movement”. “Lessons of Might and Right: How Segregation and an Indomitable Family Shaped National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice”.
^ a b Drawback, Melissa; Simmons, Greg (January 13, 2007). “White House Spokesman Blasts Sen. Boxer's Exchange With Secretary Rice”.
“U.S. Talks With Iran Exemplify Bush's New Approaches”. “Rumsfeld lashes out at John McCain, Condoleezza Rice, and others.
“Condoleezza Rice fires back at 'grumpy' Donald Rumsfeld”. No Higher Honor: A Memoir of My Years in Washington (e-book ed.).
“Harry Telephone Calls Black Republicans 'Tyrants “. ^ “Interview with Bill O'Reilly of the O'Reilly Factor on Fox News”.
“Ex-Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice Selling Palo Alto Home for $2.35M”. The Confidante: Condoleezza Rice and the Creation of the Bush Legacy.
^ “Condoleezza Rice to deliver Commencement address”. ^ “U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to Receive Honorary Air University Degree”.
^ “Condoleezza Rice: “Education is transformative”. Women as Foreign Policy Leaders: National Security and Gender Politics in Superpower America (Oxford UP, 2018) excerpt ; also online review Burke, John P. “Condoleezza Rice as NSC Advisor A Case Study of the Honest Broker Role” Presidential Studies Quarterly 35#3 pp 554–575.
Condoleezza Rice: U.S. Secretary of State (Journey to Freedom) Child's World ISBN 1-59296-231-9 Ditch field, Christian (2003). Condoleezza Rice: National Security Advisor (Great Life Stories) middle school audience Franklin Watts ISBN 0-531-12307-3 Flanders, Laura.
Bush women: Tales of a Cynical Species (Verso) ISBN 978-1-85984-587-5 Kessler, Glenn (2007). The Confidante: Condoleezza Rice and the Creation of the Bush Legacy.
ISBN 978-0-312-36380-2 Morris, Dick with Eileen McCann. (2005) Condo vs. Hillary: The Next Great Presidential Race Began Books ISBN 0-06-083913-9 Ryan, Bernard, Jr. (2003).
Condoleezza Rice: National Security Advisor and Musician (Ferguson Career Biographies) Facts on File ISBN 0-8160-5480-0 Wade, Linda R. (2002). Condoleezza Rice: A Real-Life Reader Biography (Real-Life Reader Biography) Mitchell Lane Publishers ISBN 1-58415-145-5, middle school audience Wade, Mary Dodson (2003).
'S single From Her Lips to God's ears (The Energizer) from the album Searching for a Former Clarity “ Smart, savvy, strong-willed Rice charts her own course “.
(2001) Cornell, Rupert From the axis of evil to the outposts of tyranny. (August 30, 1999) Richter, Paul Rice Reshaping Foreign Policy Los Angeles Times.