“It is far from what I would deem as a full disclosure, but is a step in the right direction,” Alexis Batsman, director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sustainable Supply Chains project, told Nonzero. Amazon could reveal much more about its operations, such as the amount of product it buys from a supplier, how it’s auditing these facilities, and how they’re performing according to its corporate standards.
Right now, carbon emissions' data from Amazon -branded products is lumped in with other factors such as business travel, which obfuscates how dirty these operations may really be. Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, founder of space venture Blue Origin and owner of The Washington Post, participates in an event hosted by the Air Force Association September 19, 2018, in National Harbor, Maryland.
Amazon has significantly increased the number of private-label brands in recent years, and currently has over 120 of them, according to a new report published by TDI Research last week. “Private label is one of the highly under-appreciated trends within Amazon, in our view, which over time should give the company a strong 'unfair' competitive advantage,” the note said.
European regulators are closely watching how Amazon uses its own sales data to potentially gain an unfair advantage over marketplace sellers. Margrethe Vestager, the EU commissioner for competition, recently said that, while there are no accusations against Amazon at this point, her department has started a “preliminary investigation” into how the company may be copying best-selling products by competitors.
Brian Sheehan, who teaches advertising at Syracuse University, said Amazon's tactics are “fair game,” at least until the U.S. regulators determine otherwise. While it's common for big-box retailers to launch private-label brands based on what sells best in their stores, Amazon could be viewed differently because of its size and level of influence, he said.
This is a list of products and services offered by American corporation Amazon. Amazon product lines include several media (books, DVDs, music CDs, videotapes, and software), apparel, baby products, consumer electronics, beauty products, gourmet food, groceries, health and personal-care items, industrial & scientific supplies, kitchen items, jewelry and watches, lawn and garden items, musical instruments, sporting goods, tools, automotive items and toys/games.
However, it failed to chip away at the large market share of the industry pioneer, eBay. Later, the company launched a fixed-price marketplace business, shops, in September 1999, and the now defunct partnership with Sotheby's, called Sotheby.
Auctions and shops evolved into Amazon Marketplace, a service launched in November 2000 that let customers sell used books, CDs, DVDs, and other products alongside new items. As of October 2014 , Amazon Marketplace is the largest of its kind, followed by similar marketplaces from Sears, Rakuten, and New egg.
In August 2007, Amazon announced AmazonFresh, a grocery service offering perishable and nonperishable foods. Customers could have orders delivered to their homes at dawn or during a specified daytime window.
Delivery was initially restricted to residents of Mercer Island, Washington, and was later expanded to several ZIP codes in Seattle proper. AmazonFresh also operated pick-up locations in the suburbs of Bellevue and Kirkland from summer 2007 through early 2008.
In 2012, Amazon announced the launch of Vine.com for buying green products, including groceries, household items, and apparel. It is part of Quids, the company that Amazon bought in 2010 that also runs the sites Diapers.com (baby), Wag.com (pets), and YoYo.com (toys).
Amazon's Subscribe & Save program offers a discounted price on an item (usually sold in bulk), free shipping on every Subscribe & Save shipment, and automatic shipment of the item every one, two, three, or six months. In July 2014, Amazon said it would invest $2 billion (Rs 12,000 crore) in India to expand business, after its largest Indian rival Flipkart announced $1 billion in funding.
In 2015, a study by Survey found that 44% of respondents searching for products went directly to Amazon .com. On September 30, 2015, Amazon announced the launch of Merch by Amazon, a service intended to help content creators generate revenue through the sale of branded T-shirts and other merchandise items such as long sleeve shirts, sweatshirts, hoodies and Pockets grips, designed by creators and sold, produced and fulfilled by Amazon.
Since the summer of 2018, the service has also been available on the European marketplaces in Germany and Great Britain. In October 2015, Amazon announced a new handmade marketplace called Handmade By Amazon, already having 5,000 sellers from 60 countries and 80,000 items for sale.
The platform is designed for artisans to sell their good directly to the public, similar to the platform Etsy. In 2005, Amazon announced the creation of Amazon Prime, a membership offering free two-day shipping within the contiguous United States on all eligible purchases for a flat annual fee of $79 (equivalent to $103 in 2019), as well as discounted one-day shipping rates.
Amazon launched the program in Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom in 2007; in France (as Amazon Premium”) in 2008, in Italy in 2011, in Canada in 2013, and in India on July 26, 2016. Amazon Prime membership in Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, India, and the United States also provides Amazon Video, the instant streaming of selected movies and TV shows at no additional cost.
In November 2011, it was announced that Prime members have access to the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library, which allows users to borrow certain popular Kindle e-books for free reading on Kindle hardware, up to one book a month, with no due date. In March 2014, Amazon announced an increase in the annual membership fee for Amazon Prime, from $79 to $99 for customers in the United States.
Shortly after this change, Amazon announced Prime Music, a service in which members can get unlimited, ad-free streaming of over a million songs and access to curated playlists. In November 2014, Amazon added Prime Photos, which allows unlimited photo storage in the users' Amazon Drive.
Amazon also began offering free same-day delivery to Prime members in 14 United States metropolitan areas in May 2015. On July 15, 2015, to commemorate its 20th birthday, Amazon celebrated Amazon Prime Day”, which Amazon announced would feature deals for prime members that rivaled those on Black Friday.
In January 2016, Amazon Prime reached 54 million members according to a report from Consumer Intelligence Research Partners. On September 30, 2016, Amazon subsidiary Twitch announced premium features that are exclusive to users who have an active Amazon Prime subscription (Twitch Prime), including advertising-free access to the service, and monthly offers of video games and add-on content.
In December 2016, Amazon began offering the option of monthly payment for Prime memberships. In November 2007, Amazon launched the Kindle, an e-reader which downloads content over Whisper net “, via Sprint'SEV- DO wireless network.
The screen uses E Ink technology to reduce battery consumption and to provide a more legible display. As of July 2014, there are over 2.7 million e-books available for purchase at the Kindle Store.
Starting in 2012 Amazon began offering differing models within generations of its readers starting with the Paper white, Voyage, and most recently the Oasis 2 released in October 2017. In September 2011, Amazon announced its entry into the tablet computer market by introducing the Kindle Fire, which runs a customized fork of the Android operating system.
The low pricing of Fire (US$199) was widely perceived as a strategy backed by Amazon's revenue from its content sales, to be stimulated by access to Fire tablets. In September 2012, Amazon unveiled the second generation tablet, called the Kindle Fire HD.
On September 25, 2013, Amazon .com unveiled its third generation tablet, called the Kindle Fire HD. In April 2014, Amazon announced its Amazon Fire TV set-top box system, a device targeted to compete with such systems like Apple TV or Google's Chromecast device.
The Amazon set-top box allows for streaming videos from sites like Amazon's own streaming service as well as others such as Netflix or Hulu. The device also supports voice search for movies, as well as gaming, which includes special versions of Minecraft, Asphalt 8, and The Walking Dead.
The company entered the smartphone market in July 2014 with the release of the Fire Phone. Due to poor sales and reception, Amazon discontinued it in August 2015, and has not announced any newer model as of March 2020.
In 2014, Amazon sold a voice-enabledsmart speaker called Echo. In March 2016, Amazon launched the Amazon Echo Dot, a smaller, more affordable version of the Echo.
Amazon's Honor System was launched in 2001 to allow customers to make donations or buy digital content, with Amazon collecting a percentage of the payment plus a fee; however, the service was discontinued in 2008 and replaced by Amazon Payments. On September 25, 2007, Amazon Music, an online music store, was launched as Amazon MP3 in the US selling downloads exclusively in MP3 format without digital rights management.
Prior to the launch of this service, Amazon made an investment in Amie Street, a music store with a variable pricing model based on demand. Amazon MP3 was the first online offering of DRM-free music from all four major record companies.
At its launch, the store had more than 88,000 digital titles available. This number increased to more than 765,000 by August 2011 and as of January 2017 there were over five million e-books available in the U.S.
In January 2008, Amazon began distributing its MP3 service to subsidiary websites worldwide and, in December 2008, Amazon MP3 was made available in the UK. At the launch of Amazon MP3 in the UK, over 3 million Digital Rights Management (DRM)-free songs were made available to consumers, with prices that started at 59p, compared to Apple's 79p starting price.
In July 2010, Amazon announced that e-book sales for its Kindle reader outnumbered sales of hardcover books for the first time ever during the second quarter of 2010. Amazon claims that, during that period, 143 e-books were sold for every 100 hardcover books, including hardcovers for which there is no digital edition; and during late June and early July, sales rose to 180 digital books for every 100 hardcovers.
On March 22, 2011, Amazon launched the Amazon Appstore for Android devices and the service was made available in over 200 countries. Also in 2011, Amazon announced that it was releasing a Mac download store to offer dozens of games and hundreds of pieces of software for Apple computers.
In January 2013, Amazon launched Astoria, a digital music service. The service allows customers to receive a free MP3 copy of select CDs purchased through Amazon.
Amazon announced in September 2013 that it would launch Kindle Matchbook in October 2013, a similar service for books allowing customers who buy books from Amazon to acquire an e-book copy for free, or at a discounted price of US$3 or less. Matchbook was launched on the company's site on October 29, 2013.
Unlike Prime Music with its somewhat limited catalog, this stand-alone music streaming service has “tens of millions” of songs and is intended to compete with music streaming leaders such as Spotify and Pandora Radio. It has a similar price structure, albeit with a $2/month discount for Amazon Prime members.
Amazon Studios is a corporate division that develops television shows, movies and comics from online submissions and crowd-sourced feedback. Content would be distributed through Amazon Video, Amazon's digital video streaming service, and a competitor to services like Netflix and Hulu.
In October 2008, Amazon acquired game developer and distributor Reflexive Entertainment. This studio continued to develop games for PC, Mac and Kindle readers under the brands Reflexive and Amazon Digital Services.
Notable titles include Every Word for Kindle Paper white and Airport Mania for Kindle Fire, Android, iOS Windows and Mac. In August 2012, Amazon announced it would be adding a gaming department to its company titled Amazon Game Studios.
Amazon stated that it would introduce “innovative, fun and well-crafted games” to consumers. On February 6, 2014, Amazon confirmed the acquisition of the gaming company Double Helix Games without any indication of the financial terms.
The 75 Double Helix employees were to become Amazon employees and their Orange County, California, headquarters was to remain their operating base. Amazon informed the TechCrunch media company that it “acquired Double Helix as part of our ongoing commitment to build innovative games for customers” and confirmed that Double Helix's current game roster and other future developments will receive support following the acquisition.
On August 25, 2014, Amazon announced its intent to acquire the video game streaming website Twitch for $970 million. The acquisition of Twitch is expected to help Amazon drive Internet traffic and potentially boost its Prime membership program, and promote its video ad and Fire TV set-top box business.
On September 24, Amazon announced Amazon Luna, a cloud gaming service with an initial library of around 100 titles. Amazon Video is an Internet video on demand service by Amazon in the United States, United Kingdom, India, Japan, Austria Germany and Canada.
In 2015, the Prime Instant Video exclusive series Transparent earned two Golden Globe Awards, and Transparent is the first series from a streaming service to win a Golden Globe for best series. On May 10, 2016, Amazon launched a Video Service called Amazon Video Direct which allows users to place videos available to rent or own, to view free with ads, or to be bundled together, and offered as an add-on subscription.
Amazon pays creators 50% of the revenue earned from rental or sale of the videos, but for ad-supported videos, the makers will get a portion of ad receipts. To reduce costs, Amazon has been shifting away from traditional shipping providers for last mile delivery.
In 2019, 100,000 electric delivery vans were ordered by Amazon, to be delivered between 2021 and 2030. For its one and two-hour service, Prime Now, Amazon distributes routes to independent contractors through its Flex app.
Flex contractors are paid based on how long Amazon believes the delivery route will take, and use their personal vehicle to make these deliveries. Six-wheeled “Scout” sidewalk delivery robots and drones under the Prime Air moniker are currently under development.
AmazonFresh is a home grocery delivery service first trialed in 2007, and later made available in Boston, Seattle, Los Angeles, San Francisco, California, San Diego, Brooklyn, New York and Philadelphia, PA. Amazon Supply, launched in 2012, offers industrial and scientific components and maintenance, repair and operations (MRO) supplies.
Amazon Supply was developed based on experience operating Smallparts.com, acquired in 2005. On April 28, 2015, the limited-scope service was replaced with Amazon Business.
Amazon Business is a service that provides registered business owners with a consolidated platform for buying products and supplies from Amazon. Business users have access to shipping benefits, discounts on eligible products, purchase analytics, and price comparisons from different sellers.
Amazon Drive, formerly known as Cloud Drive, is a cloud storage application offering secure cloud storage, file synchronization, file sharing, and Photo printing. Using an Amazon account, the files and folders can be transferred and managed from multiple devices including web browsers, desktop applications, mobiles, and tablets.
Amazon Drive also lets their U.S. users order photo prints and photo books using Amazon Prints service. Amazon Photos is a related service geared toward storing, organizing, and sharing photos and videos.
Prime users get free unlimited storage for photos in their original format, including some RAW files. Videos, and photos for non-Prime users, take up space in Drive.
In August 2005, Amazon began selling products under its own private label, “Pinion”; the trademark applications indicated that the label would be used for textiles, kitchen utensils, and other household goods. In March 2007, the company applied to expand the trademark to cover a more diverse list of goods and to register a new design consisting of the “word Pinion in stylized letters with a notched letter “O” which appears at the “one o'clock” position”.
Coverage by the trademark grew to include items such as paints, carpets, wallpaper, hair accessories, clothing, footwear, headgear, cleaning products, and jewelry. In September 2008, Amazon filed to have the name registered.
USPTO has finished its review of the application, but Amazon has yet to receive an official registration for the name. AmazonBasics branded USB cableAmazonBasics is a private-label product line, mainly consisting of consumer electronics accessories, but also including home and office accessories.
In 2014, Amazon launched Amazon Elements, a line of domestic products including baby wipes and (formerly) diapers. The DVDs produced by Amazon are made using its “CreateS pace” program, in which DVDs are created, upon ordering, using DVD-R technology.
Some DVDs (such as the Jersey Shore Season 1 or The Unusual Season 1) are released first as an Amazon .com exclusive for a limited time before being released elsewhere. On May 23, 2011, Amazon .com allowed customers to download Lady Gaga's Born This Way album for 99 cents, resulting in some downloads being delayed, due to an extremely high volume of downloads.
AWS Summit 2013 event in NYC Amazon launched Amazon Web Services (AWS) in 2002, which provides programmatic access to latent features on its website. In 2008, Amazon improved the service by adding Elastic Block Store (EBS), offering persistent storage for Amazon EC2 instances and Elastic IP addresses, and offering static IP addresses designed for dynamic cloud computing.
Amazon introduced Simple, a database system, allowing users of its other infrastructure to utilize a high-reliability, high-performance database system. In 2008, Amazon graduated EC2 from beta to “Generally Available” and added support for the Microsoft Windows platform.
AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) was launched in June 2012 and later in November 2012 at AWS' web developer conference in Las Vegas it announced it was targeting large companies as cloud storage clients. It will further cut its S3 prices to customers with long-term contracts in its “Redshift” storage service launching in 2013.
In March 2013 Amazon announced its Mobile Ads API for developers. The new Ads API can be used on apps distributed on any Android platform as long as the app is also available on Amazon's App Store.
As of December 2014, Amazon Web Services operated 1.4 Million servers across 11 regions and 28 availability zones. In January 2015, AWS announced its own email and scheduling service dubbed Workman.
It is composed of AmazonEncore, AmazonCrossing, Mont lake Romance, Thomas & Mercer, 47North, Powered by Amazon, New Harvest, Grand Harbor Press, Two Lions, Skyscraper and Waterfall Press. Launched in 2005, Amazon Shorts offered exclusive short stories and non-fiction pieces from best-selling authors for download from the Kindle Store.
By June 2007, the program had over 1,700 pieces and was adding about 50 new pieces per week, but the program was discontinued on June 1, 2010. In 2013, Amazon launched a charity initiative called AmazonS mile.
Amazon .DE when normally shopping, and allows Amazon to donate 0.5% of the sale price of eligible items to the customer's selected charity as its sponsor. Amazon Local was a daily deal service launched in June 2011 in Boise, Idaho.
As of 2013 , Amazon Local offers daily deals to over 100 regions in 36 U.S. states. Amazon Local also acts as a deal aggregator; some deals are actually offered through LivingSocial, a firm in which Amazon has heavily invested.
It was launched gradually in the United Kingdom on August 29, 2012, starting in London and expanding to more towns and cities. On December 18, 2015, Amazon Local stopped selling daily deals; however, purchased deals remained valid according to its terms.
On November 2, 2015, Amazon opened its first physical retail store, a bookstore in the University Village shopping center in Seattle. The store, known as Amazon Books, has prices matched to those found on the Amazon website (for Prime members) and integrate online reviews into the store's shelves.
On January 22, 2018, Amazon Go, a store that uses cameras and sensors to detect items that a shopper grabs off shelves and automatically charges a shopper's Amazon account, was opened to the public in Seattle. Customers scan their Amazon Go app as they enter, and are required to have an Amazon Go app installed on their smartphone and a linked Amazon account to be able to enter.
The technology is meant to eliminate the need for checkout lines. By the end of 2018, there will be eight total Amazon Go stores located in Seattle, Chicago, San Francisco and New York.
Amazon announced to debut the Amazon 4-star in New York, Soho neighborhood Spring Street between Crosby and Lafayette on 27 September 2018. The store carries the 4-star and above rated products from around New York.
The Amazon website searches for the most rated, highly demanded, frequently bought and most wished for products which are then sold in the new Amazon store under separate categories. Along with the paper price tags, the online-review cards will also be available for the customers to read before buying the product.
On November 11, 2019, Amazon announced plans to open a new type of grocery store in Los Angeles in 2020. The chain's concept was the use of Dash Carts, which have screens and a scanner for a special code that is connected to the user's Amazon account.
Customers sign in by scanning their unique codes found in the Amazon app, and as they put items in their carts, they are added to a list which gets charged to the user's credit card upon exiting the store. Unlike Amazon Go, the stores also have traditional checkouts.
The first store opened in the Woodland Hills neighborhood in September 2020. A second store opened in Irvine in October 2020.
The Home Services category designed to make finding a specialist easy by verifying that providers are properly licensed and insured for the job. Service is “Satisfaction Guaranteed” and offers a refund if you are not happy in the end.
Amazon Cash (in the United States and Canada) and Amazon Top Up (in the United Kingdom) are services allowing Amazon shoppers to add money to their Amazon account at a physical retail store. The service, launched in April 2017, allows users to add between $5 and $500 (£5 and £250) to their accounts by paying with cash at a participating retailer, who scans a barcode linked to a customer's Amazon account.
Users can present the app on paper, on the Amazon app, or as a text message sent by the Amazon website. Participating retailers include 7-Eleven, CVS Pharmacy, and GameS top.
Amazon Challenges Etsy With Strictly Handmade Marketplace”. Amazon Is Jacking Up the Cost of Prime, and It's Still Cheap”.
Amazon Prime arrives in Canada: Free two-day shipping, no Instant Video”. Amazon Launches Prime Instant Video in UK & Germany”.
^ Amazon Prime customers now get unlimited cloud storage for photos”. Amazon says 20th birthday celebration will be bigger than Black Friday”.
^ Amazon Prime now reaches nearly half of U.S. households”. “Twitch will be ad-free for all Amazon Prime subscribers”.
^ “Kindle Books: Kindle Store : Nonfiction, Fiction, History, Advice & How-to, Business & Investing & More”. ^ “Don't Call It a Tablet: the Kindle Fire Reviewed”.
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“Fire Phone Immerses Users in Amazon's World”. Amazon finally stops selling the Fire Phone, as company adjusts its hardware strategy”.
Amazon Echo Dot: a Smaller, More Affordable Photo Mobile Trends”. Amazon invests in social music site Amie Street”.
Amazon to Sell Warner Music Minus Copy Protection”. ^ Amazon Adds Fourth Major Record Label To DRM-Free Music Store”.
^ “Kindle Books: Kindle Store : Nonfiction, Fiction, History, Advice & How-to, Business & Investing & More”. Amazon MP3 Music Coming to UK “.
^ Amazon launches its own digital music service”. Amazon's Kindle Matchbook turns past print purchases into low-cost e-books”.
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Amazon Studios opens door to TV: Net retailer calls for submissions of comedy, vivid pilot scripts”. ^ Amazon Snaps Up Video Game Provider Reflexive”.
Amazon Launches Game Studio, Gives Zynga Competition”. Amazon launches its first mobile game, 'Air Patriots,' for iOS and Android”.
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“Kerry Kept Money Coming With the Internet as His ATM”. ^ More than $43 Million Raised by Consumer Programs for Red Cross Tsunami Relief, American Red Cross press release, January 21, 2005.
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Amazon opens a physical bookstore, but still hopes you buy online”. Amazon Go cashierless convenience store opens to the public in Seattle”.
Amazon opens its grocery store without a checkout line to the public”. Amazon launches a beta of Go, a cashier-free, app-based food shopping experience”.
Amazon just launched a cashier-free convenience store”. “This is Amazon's grocery store of the future: No cashiers, no registers and no lines”.
Amazon Go is a grocery store with no checkout lines”. Amazon's latest cashier-less Go store opens in San Francisco today”.
Amazon Will Consider Opening Up to 3,000 Cashierless Stores by 2021”. ^ Amazon's new retail store only stocks items rated 4 stars and up”.
Amazon is opening a new store that sells items from its website rated 4 stars and above”. ^ Amazon's new store only sells products with 4-star ratings and above”.
^ “Introducing the first Amazon Fresh grocery store”. Amazon Fresh opens first supermarket in Los Angeles with checkout in cart”.
^ Amazon Opens First Fresh Grocery Store in Woodland Hills”. ^ Amazon Fresh grocery store opens at Irvine marketplace”.